Fourier analysis to measure diffusion coefficients and resolve mixtures on a continuous electrophoresis chip

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY, AMER CHEMICAL SOC, Volume 79, Number 21, 1155 16TH ST, NW, WASHINGTON, DC 20036 USA, p.8222-8231 (2007)

DOI:

10.1021/ac070532z

Keywords:

CAPILLARY-ELECTROPHORESIS; DNA-MOLECULES; ELECTROOSMOTIC FLOW; FLUORESCENCE CORRELATION SPECTROSCOPY; LIGHT-SCATTERING; MICROFLUIDIC CHANNEL; MOLECULAR-DIFFUSION; OPTICAL MEASUREMENT; PHOTOBLEACHING MEASUREMENTS; T-SENSOR

Abstract:

We report a method to measure diffusion coefficients of fluorescent solutes in the 10(2)-10(6) Da molecular mass range in a glass-PDMS chip. Upon applying a permanent electric field, the solute is introduced through a narrow channel into a wide analysis chamber where it migrates along the injection axis and diffuses in two dimensions. The diffusion coefficient is extracted after 1D Fourier transform of the resulting stationary concentration pattern. Analysis is straightforward, requiring no numerical integration or velocity field simulation. The diffusion coefficients measured for fluorescein, rhodamine green-labeled oligonucleotides, and YOYO-1-stained dsDNA fragments agree with the literature values and with our own fluorescence correlation spectroscopy measurements. As shown for 151 and 1257 base pair dsDNA mixtures, the present method allows us to rely on diffusion to quantitatively characterize the nature and the composition of binary mixtures. In particular, we implement a DNA hybridization assay to illustrate the efficiency of the proposed protocol for library screening.